Wenceslaus Hollar

The West Side of York Castle

The West Side of York Castle by Wenceslaus Hollar

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The English colonists of Tangier rechristened the old Portuguese ortifications with familiar names, including Peterborough Tower and York Castle. The king’s palace at Whitehall lent its name to a resort beyond the main fortifications that included a bowling green and arbour. Fashionable with the senior officials and their families, Hollar depicted Whitehall with a game of lawn bowls in progress. Several of Hollar’s views show the Mole (or Mould), the masonry structure with which the English created an artificial harbour. The stone was quarried nearby and carried to the site by horse-drawn carts. Construction began in 1663 and the Mole was 437 metres long when work ceased in 1680. This remarkable piece of engineering was blown up when the English evacuated Tangier in 1683.

The West Side of York Castle
Production date
circa 1673
125 x 218 mm
12. Prospect of the Westside of Yorke Castle at Tangier, right opposite. to Y Upper/ Castle, Taken from the Hill Before The Gate 1669. 1. Yorke Castle - 8. The Straights Mouth Toward the East.. (lower margin l. to r.). Inscribed recto lower right, ink, '12' [this is an ordinal number, perhaps taken from later states]. Inscribed recto bottom left, pencil, 'P1196' [Parthey 1196]. Inscribed verso lower right, pencil,'P1196' [Parthey 1196]..
Credit line
Mackelvie Trust Collection, Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki, bequest of Dr Walter Auburn, 1982
Accession no
Other ID
1196 Pennington Catalogue Raisonné
No known copyright restrictions
International Art
Display status
Not on display

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